GMAT Percentiles & 80th% Quant Confusion

GMAT Percentiles and 80th Percentile Confusion

You’ve decided that an MBA is the right path for you. A diligent person, you make a list of your favorite MBA programs and note the median GMAT scores so you can set a proper goal. Because you’ve got your sights set on the top ten with a soft spot for the top three a 700+ score seems imperative. Fair enough. You’ve done well on standardized tests and aren’t afraid of a good challenge. Three months later after grueling through a couple hundred hours of studying you are sitting in front of a rather schlubby looking computer taking your official GMAT. It’s challenging, especially on the Quant side. You were a bit rushed there. Verbal was a slog but there were no surprises. A few clicks after the last verbal question and: 720! 94th percentile! You made it!!! Or did you? You notice that you nearly failed the Quant with a percentile score in the low 60’s. What?!! How is that possible? Damn you GMAT Quant percentiles! Is Harvard slipping away? The short answer is: no, Harvard is not slipping away. Everything is OK. Read on for a detailed analysis of GMAT percentiles and an 80th percentile Quant score isn’t necessary for admission to a top MBA program. 

A brief history of GMAT Percentiles and the mysteriously shifting 80th percentile Quant Score

Back in 2000, a GMAT scaled score of 45 represented the 82nd percentile (see table).

GMAT Percentiles Grid
GMAT Score Percentiles from 2000. Notice that 45q is the 80th percentile!

That seems to be when the quant 80th percentile really mattered. Since then, as illustrated in the accompanying tables, what was the 80th percentile has dipped to the 78th, 75th, 71st, and now D grade 63rd percentile. Astonishing! So, yes, the GMAT quant 80th percentile does matter. But not the 2019 80th percentile, the 2000 one:). Why have GMAT score percentiles changed? The simple answer is that more people are getting perfect or near perfect scores. In fact, the way that the GMAT percentiles are now, there is no 99th percentile quant percentile. You can only get to the 97th percentile. A full three percent of GMAT test takers are ringing up a perfect quant score. Why are people doing better? I’d like to think that Atlantic GMAT is the sole reason but the facts point elsewhere. It has to do with the shifting demographics of GMAT test takers. People from countries that tend to provide a better math education than is provided in the US have been taking the GMAT in much greater numbers. These folks are making the GMAT percentiles (on the Quant side) much more competitive. Here is a more in depth discussion on changing GMAT Quant percentiles and how Americans are lagging. One interesting little tidbit from the article, "according to GMAC, Asia students spend an average of 151 hours in test preparation; U.S. students average 64 hours."

Here you can see a Quant scaled score of 45 drop to the 78th percentile,

GMAT Percentiles Chart 2003
GMAT Percentiles 2003. 45q lost 80th percentile status!

and then to the 75th!

GMAT Percentiles 2015
GMAT Percentiles Quant 2005. A 45q dropped to the 75th percentile!

Here the Q45 plummets to the 71st percentile 

GMAT Percentiles Grid 2009
GMAT Percentiles from 2009. The rats are leaving the ship!

and then, finally, the sad looking 63rd percentile where it sits in 2016.

GMAT Percentiles Chart 2016
GMAT Percentiles 2016. A once desired 45q has sunk to the 63rd percentile.

Here's all of those GMAT percentiles consolidated into one big GMAT quant percentiles mega chart following a 45 quant score from the 80th percentile down to the 55th percentile:

GMAT Percentiles from 2000 to 2017 Chart

Quant Scaled ScoreGMAT Percentiles 1997-2000GMAT Percentiles 2003-2006GMAT Percentiles 2005-2007GMAT Percentiles 2006-2009GMAT Percentiles 2013-2016GMAT Percentiles 2015-2017
51-60999999989796
50979594928885
49939088857974
4890
8684807467
47868279766861
46848077736658
45827875716355
44787370665850
43757168645647
42716763595143
41686461574941
40666259554739
39615855504335
38585653484133
37565351464032
36514946433629
35474542423326
34444340383124
334141383623
323737343421
313333303118
303131292717

GMAT percentiles vs GMAT scaled scores and Why a 63rd percentile GMAT Score is OK

Part of why achieving a 2019 80th percentile GMAT Quant score doesn’t matter is that a GMAT score percentile only measures relative ability. It is the scaled score that measures absolute ability. So a Quant 45 from 2019 is the same as a Quant 45 from 1997. That’s why the sub-section scaled score is more meaningful than the percentile score. It is a measure of your skills. And, people who have been doing admissions for years recognize that. The percentiles may change, but the scaled scores still represent a known quantity in terms of ability. Here's an article straight from the 'horses mouth' (GMAC) discussing GMAT scaled scores and GMAT scoring.

With a Quant 45 you have the skills to face the rigor of an MBA even if your percentile seems pathetic. Do you need to have a near perfect quant score to do well in an MBA program? Nope. Think about it like this: let’s say there’s a certain amount of weight that you have to be able to lift in order to become a fireman in New York City. Let’s say that’s 200 pounds. Does it make you a more qualified fireman if you can lift 400 pounds? Not necessarily. Once you've crossed the 200 pound threshold, there are probably other skills that are more important than lifting weight. So it is with the GMAT. At some percentile (well below the 80th percentile) your Quant skills are proven and so your total GMAT score, combined GMAT score percentile, and the rest of your application become more important.

A few recent examples of real people with sub 80th percentile GMAT Quant scores admitted to top ten schools

Harvard (HBS)

Competitive Bracket - GMAT Score: 710 Breakdown: 45q 42v (2015)

Semi-Competitive Bracket - GMAT Score: 670 Breakdown: 43q 39v (2015)

Columbia

Competitive Bracket - GMAT Score: 720 Breakdown: 46q 44v (2014)

Less Competitive Bracket - GMAT Score: 620 Breakdown: 36q 40V (2014)

Tuck

Semi-Competitive Bracket - GMAT Score: 710 Breakdown: 45q v42 (2015)

Less Competitive Bracket - GMAT Score: 700 Breakdown: 43q 42v (2015)

When does an imbalance in GMAT percentiles warrant a retake?

This advice really depends on who you are (as seen in the examples above). If you have a proven math background, a 700+ score, but a super low quant percentile, you might be totally fine. If you have a desirable background/story that a particular school is looking for, again, a lower Quant score could be A-OK.

Here are some rough and ready guidelines for when to consider a retake (assuming you are applying to the “crème de la crème” MBA programs)

  1. Most people with a Quant score below a 45 gunning for the top two or three MBA programs.
  2. Most people who are in a competitive bracket with a Quant score below a 45.
  3. Any applicant applying to top ten-ish schools with a quant score below a 40.

Have you had a different experience with your admissions process? Follow up with any questions or comments!

GMAT Percentiles FAQ

What is the GMAT out of?

The GMAT is out of 800. With 200 being the lowest possible GMAT composite score. The GMAT quant scaled score is out of 51. The verbal scaled score is also out of 51. Technically both Quant and Verbal scores are out of 60 but only scores up to 51 are possible. The integrated reason is scored from 0 to 8. The essay is scored from 1-5.

gmat score distribution

What is the GMAT Score Range?

The GMAT score range is from 200-800 for the composite score and from 0-51 for the Quant and Verbal subsection scores. The composite score (out of 800) is the one the counts most for MBA admission followed by your quant sub section score.

What is the GMAT average score?

The GMAT average score changes from year to year. Here are average GMAT scores for the last bunch of reported periods:

In the year 2000 the average GMAT score was a 527

In the period from 2003-2006 the average GMAT score was a 526

In the period from 2005-2007 the average GMAT score jumped to 535

In 2009 the GMAT average score leapt again to 542

The current average GMAT score is a 547

What are the average GMAT scores by school?

Here are the top 16 average GMAT scores by school along with links to their most recent class profile pages:

Wharton (University of Pennsylvania) 732

Harvard Business School (HBS) 730

Stanford GSB 732

Booth (Chicago) 731

Kellog (Northwestern) 732

Sloan (MIT) 728

Columbia (CBS) 732

Haas (UC Berkley) 726

Tuck (Dartmouth) 722

Ross (Michigan) 720

SOM (Yale) 724

Darden (UVA) 718

Johnson (Cornell) 699

Fuqua (Duke) 704

Anderson (UCLA) 719

Stern (NYU) 717

What are the GMAT percentiles for 2018?

Here are to top GMAT Percentiles for 2018

800 99%

790 99%

780 99%

770 99%

760 99%

750 98% Back in the day a 750 was in the 99th percentile. That aside, GMAT composite score percentiles have stayed mostly stable.

740 97%

730 96%

720 94%

710 90%

700 88%

690 85%

680 82%

670 80%

660 77%

650 73%

640 68%

Here are the top GMAT Quant Percentiles for 2018

51 96% The top quant percentile has dropped again. A full 4% of people are getting perfect GMAT quant scores.

50 85%

49 74%

48 67%

47 61%

46 58%

45 55% This used to be the 80th Percentile in the year 2000 and is what the 80/80 admissions rule seems to be based on.

44 50%

43 47%

42 43%

41 41%

40 39%

Here are the top Verbal Percentiles for 2018

51 99%

50 99%

49 99%

48 99% Notice how deep into the 99% you can go on the verbal side. That means that as a verbal superstar you have a slight advantage over a quant superstar (verbal scoring is finer. The top of the verbal is much more competitive)

47 99%

46 99%

45 99%

44 98%

42 96%

41 93%

40 90%

39 88%

38 85%

37 82%

36 80%

35 76%

GMAT Percentile Grids

Just for fun, here are the GMAT percentile charts composite scores over the past 15 years or so starting from the year 2000 all the way to the most current GMAT percentiles:

GMAT Percentiles 2000 Chart
In 2000, a 750 was in the 99th percentile!

 

 

GMAT Percentiles to 2006

GMAT Percentiles up to 2007

GMAT Percentiles up to 2009
GMAT Percentiles 2009
Current GMAT Percentiles
GMAT Percentiles 2016
Current GMAT Percentiles Grid for 2019
Current GMAT Percentiles for 2019 based on test takers from 2015 to 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

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